The complex process of reintroducing the Macaw also goes through a series of documents and licenses so that birds can leave Germany and enter Brazil. As it is an endangered species, the entire process needs to be documented, with an export license from the German government, and an import license from Brazil.
“This guarantees that the transport will be legal, that the bird will have an adequate destination and that it will not be used for commercial purposes, since it is a conservation action and that aims at the best for the species”, emphasizes Ugo Vercillo.
The origin of the birds is from the German non-governmental organization Association for the Conservation of Threatened Parrots (ACTP), a breeding ground that took on the task of reintegrating the macaw in the wild. Part of the animals were from Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation, from Qatar, which closed the doors and entrusted the macaws to the ACTP.
The governments involved also need to present health-related licenses. On the German side, an international animal health certificate is issued, while in Brazil, this certificate is validated by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA). Linked to the process, there are still other documents, related to the breeding of macaws and authorizations, among them, for quarantine in the refuge in Bahia.